French sculptor César Baldaccini was born in 1921 in Marseille. After studying fine arts in Marseille from 1935 to 1939, then in Paris from 1943 to 1947, César met Pablo Picasso and Germaine Richier, and they lived for a while in the same building as Alberto Giacometti. These three artists will have a strong influence on the beginning of his own work, realizing his first iron and plaster sculptures at this time. From 1956, he began welding recycled metal pieces, creating imaginary figures, figurative and semi-abstract insects, mammals and nudes. Influenced by the New Realism, which draws inspiration from urban life, he started producing his famous “Directed Compressions” in 1960, giving rise to dense sets of assemblies including chassis of cars and metal objects passed under sledgehammers. César was at that time considered one of the most important French sculptors of his generation. Pop art will also influence the work of the visual artist – a visible footprint, especially in a series of colorful plastic objects, ironic symbols of a certain fetishism. César died in Paris on June 12, 1998. His work, among others, can be admired at the ‘Centre Georges Pompidou’, the Museum of Modern Art of Paris, on his grave in the Montparnasse cemetery, on the esplanade of ‘La Defense’, or in Marseille on the Avenue of Hamburg near the MAC and in the Bonneveine Centre.