Biography – PABLO PICASSO
Spanish Artist, 1881-1973 he is the undisputed master of modernism. With a warm character and full of energy, he led an intense and eventful life. Picasso was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramist and designer of theater sets. Picasso spent his childhood between France and Spain, period during which appeared the seeds of his “Blue Period”, marked by the themes of Death and deprivation. His moving to France in 1904 coincides with the maturation of his “pink period”, characterized by circus images and harlequins. In 1907, he distinguished himself as a precursor of Cubism. Although very attached to Spain, Picasso chose voluntary exile to settle down in Paris, where he would become the central point of attraction for the ‘School of Paris’ circle and then the south of France. Fervent opponent to the Franco regime he attacked in his art, he couldn’t return to his native country during the dictatorship years. With great technical and stylistic originality, Picasso also mastered classicism, symbolism and expressionism. Inventor of cubism and surrealism annunciator, pure abstraction never caught his attention. At the heart of his art: a Freudian reaction, with frequent references to sex and death, sometimes with sensuousness or sometimes tinged with anxiety. Picasso had a rare talent, that of raising an episode of his life to the rank of universal truth, illustrating the autobiographical story of an ambitious and full of hope young man, becoming a husband and a womanizer, then an old frustrated man. He was able to easily pass from one style to another, from an iconography to another, from one technique to another, always conscious about his subject and the mood of the moment. His real talent can be measured with his 3-D work. His sculptures became more interesting over time (while the quality of his painting declined after 1939). In this discipline as well, he is considered as the undisputed master of traditional techniques: he demonstrated dazzling innovative skills using welding, construction and ceramics. In fact, most of his works in two dimensions are merely ideas that he longed to produce in three dimensions.