Biography – FRANCIS BACON
Francis Bacon was an Irish painter born from English parents in 1909 in Dublin, he died in Madrid in 1992. Sick child, he was harshly treated by his father and undergone a serious crisis when he revealed his homosexuality to his family. In 1925, when he was sixteen, he moved to London because of the conflictual relationship he had with his father. He settled there as a decorator and designer. He then spent several months in Berlin and in Paris between 1926 and 1928. As a result from Pablo Picasso’s exhibition “One hundred drawings by Picasso” in 1927, he created his first drawings and watercolors. In 1933 he painted one of his first “Crucifixion” and participated in two group exhibitions. That’s how he gained attention from art historian – Herbert Read. In 1943 he was discharged from the army and in 1944, he created the work that would mark the real beginning of his career: a triptych entitled “Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion”. To create this work, Bacon was inspired by the “Crucifixion” that Picasso painted in 1930. Francis Bacon’s work is not really recognized until after the Second World War: his work provokes extreme reactions, often intense repulsion as they are violent and expressive. His first solo exhibition took place at the Hannover Gallery in 1949. In 1962, the Tate Gallery in London hosted an exhibition of the work of Francis Bacon. After the suicide of his friend George Dyer in 1971, the artist created three triptychs in which he obsessively describes the scene of the tragedy. He also painted many self-portraits. His favorite subject being the representation of the human body in the form of skinned characters, restless and distorted. Heavily influenced by classical art, Francis Bacon built a violent and heartbreaking work, triturating the human body he nevertheless couldn’t stop painting.